Directory of Diseases
A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms within a deep vein of your body, typically in the legs and pelvis. They may break off and travel to your lungs causing a pulmonary embolism. If large enough, the embolism can block blood flow to a part of the lung causing chest pain, shortness of breath, and even sudden death. Many things cause lower extremity clots including birth control pills in women, long distance travel, and recent surgeries or hospitalizations. Smoking is also another risk factor for blood clots. If you are short of breath and have swelling of your leg, you maybe suffering from a DVT and pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism can be a life-threatening emergency. Patients should seek medical attention immediately in the Emergency Department.
Dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the tear duct, usually caused by an infection. The tear ducts become clogged with debris, allowing the tears to build up and for bacteria to grow in the stagnant fluid. This condition may be chronic or acute. This causes pain and redness of the skin under the eye near the nose. If left untreated, this problem can cause a more serious infection in the tissue of the eye socket. In rare cases, dacryocystits is caused by a tumor or mass in the tear duct. If antibiotics don't resolve the infection, it is important to see the ear, nose and throat specialist.
De Quervain's tenosynovitis is the inflammation of the sheath that surrounds two tendons which control thumb movement. The hand has many layers of tissue inside it, wrapping around the muscles and tendons. The swelling causes the sheath around the tendon to swell and enlarge, making thumb and wrist movement painful. Painful movements include forming a fist and grabbing objects with the affected hand. This injury is generally associated with overuse, direct injury to the tendons, or arthritis. This condition can usually be resolved at home.
Delayed ejaculation is a condition in which it takes an extended period of sexual stimulation for men to reach sexual climax and ejaculate. Some men with delayed ejaculation are unable to ejaculate at all. It is normal for men to have delayed ejaculation from time to time. Delayed ejaculation is only a problem if it's ongoing or causes stress for you or your partner. Possible causes of delayed ejaculation include certain chronic health conditions, surgeries and medications. Treatment for delayed ejaculation depends on the underlying cause.
A dental abscess is the formation of an abscess or boil around a dead tooth. A dead tooth sometimes is a perfect place for bacteria to grow. This can cause an infection which may produce swelling and pus. Dental abscesses can often follow dental procedures. A dental abscess has to be treated with antibiotics and may need to be cut and drained. If a person has swelling of the face or the jaw with a tender tooth, it may be a dental abscess.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of ketones. When the body cannot access the sugars in the blood (either decreased sensitivity to insulin or inability to produce insulin) levels of glucose rise in the blood. The body is forced to breakdown fats for energy causing a buildup of ketones and acids. The blood becomes acidic as a result, can result in coma and death. This disorder is also called DKA. It is most often associated with diabetes type 1. The most common causes of DKA is not taking the appropriate amount of insulin. Stressful events to the body such as infections, surgery and trauma can also lead to DKA.
Diabetic neuropathy is damage to peripheral nerves from chronically elevated blood glucose levels. 50% of all diabetics suffer from diabetic peripheral neuropathy. In this condition people experience pain, burning, tingling and numbness in the feet and hands. The pain is often worst at night. It usually starts in the feet and progressed upwards. People often report getting relief from walking. Symptoms in this condition occur because high sugar levels cause nerves to slowly die off.