Directory of Diseases

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DVT with pulmonary embolus

Blood clots can develop in the legs and pelvis area and then break off and travel to your lungs causing chest pain, shortness of breath and even sudden death. Many things cause lower extremity clots. Some may include birth control pills in women or long distance travel. Smoking is also another risk factor for blood clots. Some patients develop this condition after a surgical procedure or a hospitalization. If you are short of breath and have swelling of your leg, you maybe suffering form a blood clot. Please go to the Emergency Department right away.

Dacryocystitis

An inflammation of the tear duct, usually caused by an infection of some sort. The tear ducts become clogged with debris, allowing the tears to build up and for bacteria to grow in the stagnant fluid. This causes pain and redness of the skin under the eye near the nose. If left untreated this problem can cause a more serious infection in the tissue of the eye socket. In rare cases, dacryocystits is caused by a tumor or mass in the tear duct so when antibiotics don't help, it is important to see the ear, nose and throat specialist.

De Quervain Tenosynovitis (Tendon Inflammation)

The hand has many layers of tissue inside it, wrapping around the muscles and tendons. This condition is the inflammation of the sheath that surrounds two tendons which control thumb movement. The swelling causes the sheath around the tendon to swell and enlarge, making thumb and wrist movement painful. Making a fist and grabbing objects with the affected hand are commonly painful movements with de Quervain’s tenosynovitis.

Dental Abscess (Tooth Abscess)

A dental abscess is the formation of an abscess or boil around a dead tooth. A dead tooth sometimes is a perfect place for bacteria to grow which end up producing swelling and pus. As more swelling and pus forms then more pain and swelling in the face occurs. This can often follow dental procedures. This has to be treated with antibiotics and sometimes it needs to be cut and drained. If a person has swelling of the face or the jaw with a tender tooth then it is likely a dental abscess.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Severe Blood Sugar Elevation)

Occurs when there is a lack of insulin. This causes elevated glucose levels in the blood and forces the body to breakdown body fats for energy causing a buildup of ketones and acids. The blood becomes acidotic and when severe can result in coma and death. This disorder is also called DKA. It is most often associated with diabetes type 1. The most common causes of DKA is not taking the appropriate amount of insulin. Stressful events to the body such as infections, surgery and trauma can also lead to DKA.

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is damage to peripheral nerves from chronically elevated blood glucose levels. 50% of all diabetics suffer from diabetic peripheral neuropathy. In this condition people experience pain, burning, tingling and numbness in the feet and hands. The pain is often worst at night. It usually starts in the feet and progressed upwards. People often report getting relief from walking. Symptoms in this condition occur because high sugar levels cause nerves to slowly die off.