Directory of Diseases
A lacerations is the medical term for a cut on the skin. When it is a cut on the face it is called a facial laceration. Although most lacerations can heal without stitiches, wounds heal faster and with less scarring when the edges are brought closer together. Stitches, skin glue, staples and steri-strips help healing by decreasing the distance between skin edges and aligining them better. Because cuts on the face carry significant cosmetic importance it is best to have this cuts evaluated by a health professional.
Based on your answers it is not clear what could be a cause of your pain. The term 'not otherwise specified' is used in medicine when a clear cause for a certain condition cannot be determined.
Shingles is a viral infection caused by varicella (the chickenpox virus). Once a person gets chickenpox the virus never leaves the body but actually goes to sleep in the nerve roots of the spine. One day when one is stressed, becomes sick or has weakening of the immune system it becomes active again. When it re-emerges many years later it causes redness and painful lesions that look like pimples and blisters in the path of the affected nerve. They typically appear on only one side of the body and appear in only one 'nerve' area. Sometimes people have burning, searing and sharp pain before the redness or 'bumps' show up.
This is an abscess or boil in the face. This is usually caused by bacteria that starts to grow under the skin and stimulates the production of pus and swelling. Abscesses are usually tender, hot, red, may have a point and might have pus drainage. This may start from an infected hair follicle or a small pimple. Some of the time this can be treated with just antibiotics but most of the time they need to be cut and drained. Abscess commonly start after a breakdown in the skin barrier like from a cut or shaving. Treatment of abscesses needs to be supervised by a health professional.
Burns to the face and neck are highly dangerous and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. These could include burns from hot liquids or solids, flash flame, chemicals, or even electricity.
This is infection of the skin in the face. This can start from a scratch, a pimple or a hair follicle that got infected. People with cellulitis get hot, red skin and often develop fever. This has to be treated with antibiotics.
There are 14 bones in the face. Any of these bones can fracture if they are hit with enough force. When one has a broken bone there is usually severe pain. The pain worsens when one touches the fractured bone. The pain can worsen when one touches the bone in a place different from where the fracture line exists. If you were hit in the face with a lot of force and have swelling, bruising, deformed appearance of the face, feel crunching of bones or a part of the face is not working right, then you might have a fracture. Many facial fractures do not require any special treatment. But you will need to be seen by a physician to determine if there is a fracture and if so what type of treatment is needed.
A facial contusion is a bruise of the deep tissues of the face. This occurs when one gets hit on the face forcibly. A 'black and blue' bruise can occur if small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture from the injury. Because blood leaks out of the damaged blood vessels it causes a black-and-blue discoloration under the skin. Although most contusions are not emergencies, if you have a contusion in your face this could signify a severe injury and you should seek an in person medical evaluation.