Directory of Diseases

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #
Keratitis (Inflammation Of Cornea)

Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea.The cornea is the clear part of the eye that covers the colored portion of the eye. The disorder can be caused by: ultraviolet radiation (snow blindness), welding, infections, inflammatory immune system diseases, and chemical exposures. Wearing sunglasses when outside for long periods of time and wearing an eye shield while welding or working with dangerous and irritating chemicals can reduce the chance of developing this problem.

Kidney Stone in a Female

Kidney Stones are stones that some people form in the kidney. These stones can then travel from your kidney to your bladder causing severe pain and vomiting. Kidney stone pain most commonly starts in the flank or lower back and often radiates to the lower abdomen and/or groin. This pain typically comes in waves lasting 20 to 60 minutes. Other symptoms can include fever, blood in the urine, and painful urination.

Kidney Stone in a Male

Kidney Stones are stones that some people form in the kidney. These stones can then travel from your kidney to your bladder causing severe pain and vomiting. Kidney stone pain most commonly starts in the flank or lower back and often radiates to the lower abdomen and/or groin. This pain typically comes in waves lasting 20 to 60 minutes. Other symptoms can include fever, blood in the urine, and painful urination.

Knee Arthritis

Arthritis is degeneration of a joint. It can occur from aging, overuse or after an infection or inflammatory event. Arthritis can affect any joint in the body. Arthritic pain usually feels achy and is worst when a joint is first used or moved. The pain of arthritis usually improves with continued use and movement of the joint affected. In knee arthritis the pain usually is worst when one starts walking, squatting or moving the knee. Usually the pain improves the more one uses the knee or after resting. This condition is usually treated by rest, physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medications. Occasionally a steroid injection is used to treat the inflammation. In cases where the arthritis is very advanced then a knee replacement might be needed.

Knee Contusion

A knee contusion is a bruise of the deep tissues of the knee. This occurs when one gets hit on the knee forcibly. A 'black and blue' bruise can occur if small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture from the injury. Because blood leaks out of the damaged blood vessels it causes a black-and-blue discoloration under the skin. If one has gets hit in the knee hard enough then one may get a knee contusion. A contusion should not impede a person from walking or moving the knee in all directions. If a knee injury impairs someone from walking, moving the knee or standing up then it is not likely a simple knee contusion. Although most contusions are not emergencies, if you have bruising around your knee this could signify a severe injury and you should seek an in person medical evaluation.

Knee Inflammatory Arthritis with Effusion

Inflammatory arthritis is severe inflammation of a joint. It can occur from aging, overuse, gout, pseudogout, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis can affect any joint in the body. Arthritic pain usually feels achy and is worst when a joint is first used or moved. If the inflammation is severe enough then there is swelling and fluid build up in the knee (effusion). Is there is a lot of fluid then the knee is stiff, will not bend all the way and will likely need an arthrocentesis for treatment. In knee arthritis the pain usually is worst when one starts walking, squatting or moving the knee. are causes of inlammatory arthritis. It is important to make sure that the knee is not infected (septic arthritis). Occasionally a steroid injection is used to treat the inflammation.

Knee Laceration

Laceration is the medical term for a cut. A knee laceration is a cut on the knee. Most cuts on the knee are simple and only involve the skin. However, if a cut is deep enough it can cause injury to underlying tendons, nerves, blood vessels or the joint capsule itself. Lacerations that invade the joint capsule are serious because they predispose the joint to infection. Lacerations over complex joints should be assessed by a healthcare professional.

Knee Meniscus Injury

A meniscus is a crescent shaped, rubbery piece of cartilage that helps cushion and disperse friction inside a joint. Inside the knee there are two menisci that sit in between the lower leg (tibia) and the thigh (femur) to help distribute the weight evenly across the joint. There is one meniscus on the inside of the knee (medial) and another on the outside (lateral). When there is a meniscus injury one experiences pain, swelling, stiffness and decreased ability to flex the knee. If you had a recent twisting injury to your knee and now have swelling, pain with squatting, inability to bend the knee fully then you could have a meniscus tear. When there is a severe meniscus tear the knee gets locked in a semi-flexed position and one can not fully straighten the knee.