Directory of Diseases
This is an abscess or boil on the nose. This is usually caused by bacteria that starts to grow under the skin and stimulates the production of pus and swelling. Abscesses are usually tender, hot, red, may have a point and might have pus drainage. This may start from an infected hair follicle or a small pimple. Some of the time this can be treated with just antibiotics but most of the time they need to be cut and drained. Abscess commonly start after a breakdown in the skin barrier like from nose picking, a cut or spontaneously. Treatment of abscesses needs to be supervised by a health professional.
A nasal contusion is bruising of the soft tissue in the nose. This happens after being hit in the nose. When this happens one can get swelling, discoloration of the skin and occasionally nosebleeds. The majority of these nose bleeds stop on their own. If you hit your nose but it does not looked crooked, is not majorly deformed and you do not have severe pain or crunching when you touch the bones in the bridge of your nose then you most likely have a nasal contusion as oppossed to nasal fracture. Nasal contusions heal on their own. To make sure you do not have a fracture you will need an x-ray.
A nasal fracture means broken bones in the nose. The bones in the nose are one of the most commonly broken bones of the face. Although most do not require special treatment if they are out of place they might need to be put back in place. The only way to know for sure if you have a broken nose is to get an x-ray. If the nose looks deformed, there is a lot of swelling, it has turned blue and there is severe pain when you touch the bones on the bridge of the nose then there might be a fracture.
Neck cellulitis is infection of the skin in the neck. This can start from a scratch, pimple or hair follicle that got infected. People with cellulitis get hot, red skin and often develop fever. This has to be treated with antibiotics.
A neck contusion is a bruise of the neck. A bruise occurs when small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture from an injury. Because blood leaks out of the damaged blood vessels it causes a black-and-blue discoloration under the skin. A similar process occurs with "black eyes" or "hickeys". Applying ice helps the healing of contusions. Although most contusions are not emergencies, if you have a contusion in your neck from a severe injury you should seek an in person medical evaluation.
A hematoma is a collection of blood underneath the skin and outside of the blood vessels. This usually occurs as a result of bleeding from trauma. It is the same as a large bruise that results from ruptured blood vessels that became damaged from direct injury. If you had trauma to your neck and have a hematoma you must be seen by a physician to make sure that you do not have other associated injuries.
This is a muscle spasm in the neck. This can be painful and often limits the ability of a person to move the neck. The pain usually gets worse with trying to move the head or neck. The more one aggravates this pain the worse it gets. That is why it is important to rest the neck when one is experiencing muscle spasms. Using a heating pad and muscle relaxant medication helps this problem.
Shingles is a viral infection caused by varicella (the chickenpox virus). Once a person gets chickenpox the virus never leaves the body but actually goes to sleep in the nerve roots of the spine. One day when one is stressed, becomes sick or has weakening of the immune system it becomes active again. When it re-emerges many years later it causes redness and painful lesions that look like pimples and blisters in the path of the affected nerve. They typically appear on only one side of the body and appear only one 'nerve' area. Sometimes people have burning, searing and sharp pain before the redness or 'bumps' show up.