Directory of Diseases

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #
Olecranon bursistis

Inflammation of the elbow, specifically involving the protective cushion that sits under the ointy part of the elbow. Although not serious and not caused by infection, this condition can be painful and become chronic in nature.

Open (compound) fracture

A broken bone where the bone has been pushed through the surface of the skin. This is a very serious injury and needs to be seen immediately. You should call 911 or proceed to the nearest emergency department immediately!

Optic Neuritis (Optic Nerve Inflammation)

An inflammation of the optic nerve, which is the bundle of nerve fibers in the eye that transmits visual information signals to your brain. This is often caused by an autoimmune disorder or multiple sclerosis.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is a yeast infection of the mouth. It is usually caused by a yeast called candida albicans. Another name for oral thrush is oral candidiasis. If you have not had oral thrush before you may need additional testing and treatment with antifungal medicine. You should go to the ER or contact your primary Physician. In newborns, thrush usually resolves in 2 weeks and it is not dangerous. However, if your child is having pain or difficulty with feedings they must be seen immediately by going to the ER, Urgent Care Center, Pediatrician or Community Clinic.

Orbital Fracture (Eye Socket Broken Bone)

Where the eyeball sits in the face is called the orbit. When one has trauma to this area and breaks one the bones around the eye then it is call an 'orbital fracture'. Orbital fractures usually occur from trauma to the head or face. This can happened after being punched, falling unto the face or smacking the face forcibly against a solid object. When on breaks one of these bones there is usually swelling and discoloration of the skin. Meaning you get a "black eye". In severe fractures muscles that move the eye can also become trapped between bone fragments making it difficult to move the eye in all directions. When this happens one can have double vision. If you hit your eye really hard and have a big black eye with double vision or severe tenderness when you touch the bones around the eye you might have an orbital fracture.

Orchitis (Testicular Infection)

Orchitis is an infection of the testicle that causes swelling and pain in the testicles. The most common cause in adolescents and young adults is mumps, however, Gonorrhea and Chlamydia should be considered for those who are sexually active. Usually, only one testicle is involved. A rare complication is infertility but it is more common when both testicles are involved.

Oropharyngeal Foreign Body

Because you feel that either food or an object is stuck in your throat you must have an in person evaluation at an Emergency Room. Although most people who have the sensation of something stuck in their throat have actually already swallowed the object or food, the only way to be certain is by having an in-person evaluation, The reason one might feel that something is stuck in the throat, when in reality they have already swallowed it, is because they are feeling residual soreness or irritation from having scratched the throat while passing the foreign body.

Orthostatic Hypotension

Sometimes we can get dizziness or lightheadedness from standing up too quickly. This can sometimes be the result of a drop in blood pressure that occurs from standing or sitting up. When we stand up gravity tries to drain the blood going to our head. The human body is just like a cylinder full of fluid. If you stand a container filled with fluid, all the liquid will go to the bottom. The same occurs if we stand up too quickly, blood tries to go to your feet. But the body has built in reflexes to keep this from happening. If the amount of blood reaching our brain decreases then we can experience wooziness, dizziness, lightheadedness or feelings of fainting. The body's mechanism that keeps blood going to the brain does not work well if we are dehydrated, take certain medications, have a weak heart or have poor postural reflexes.

Osgood Schlatter Disease

This is an injury seen in children and young adolescents that causes pain and tenderness just below the knee in the front of the lower leg (at the tibial tuberosity). It is usually the result from excessive exercise and "overuse". Most frequently this happens to people who do a lot of jumping sports like basketball or volleyball. It is more common in boys and affects children that are 11-14 years old. Pain is felt right below the kneecap near the top of the shinbone (tibia). The pain can feel like an ache and worsens with jumping or squatting. This condition is not dangerous and usually is treated with rest and anti-inflammatory medications.