Directory of Diseases

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #
Sacroiliaic Arthritis

Arthritis is the general term for chronic inflammation of a joint. When arthritis occurs in the sacroiliaic joint it is called sacroiliaic arthritis. In this condition one experiences stiffness and aching low back pain pain over the buttocks and back of the hip. The stiffness is usually worst in the morning and improves with activity throughout the day. The stiffness and pain are worst immediately after standing and improve with exercise. Twisting and turning the upper body to one side usually worsens the pain. Occasional one has tenderness over the middle and upper buttocks.

Salivary Gland Stone (Sialolithiasis)

Just like people can get kidney stones & gallstones, one can also get a salivary gland stone. When this happens it blocks the duct of one of the three salivary glands of the mouth. The cause is unknown. You'll experience pain and swelling of the gland. This will get better once the stone comes out. If you drink concentrated citric juices like lime juice you'll force it to come out. Sometimes the gland becomes infected and you need to take antibiotics such as clindamycin.

Scabies

Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by a small mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. People with scabies often have intense itching, a rash that looks like pimples and burrows or tunnels underneath the skin where the mite lives. The rash is more commonly found on the hands, feet, nipples, genitals, arm pits or elbow. Often people report that the itching is worse at night. The mite spreads from person to person through skin to skin contact. This occurs more commonly in situations where there is close human contact such as schools, child care centers, prisons, nursing homes or among family members.

Scalp Laceration

A cut on your scalp is also called a scalp laceration. These type of lacerations can bleed a lot and can often be scary. But the majority of these stop bleeding on their own. If the laceration is large it will require stitches or staples. If the cut is greater than 2 cm or 3/4 inches it might benefit from staples or sutures. To stop the bleeding apply pressure to the wound by pressing a cloth or paper tissue forcibly. Keep applying pressure for 10 minutes without stopping. You will need to be seen at either an ER, Urgent Care Center, Community Clinic or your doctor's office for repair. Symptify can help you find the nearest ER, Urgent Care Center, Community Clinic or physician office and give you the option to send your information to prepare them for your impending arrival.

Scaphoid Fracture

Also known as the navicular, the scaphoid bone is in the hand at the base-or bottom-of the thumb and connects the wrist to the hand. Unfortunately, a scaphoid fracture is not always seen on an x-ray. If the patient has tenderness at the base of thumb the medical provider will splint and immobilize the wrist and thumb as if it was fractured (broken). Surgery is sometimes needed to realign the bones and to place a screw or wire to stabilize the bones while they heal. If the fracture is severe it may have an associated tendon, nerve or blood vessel injury.

Schizophrenia (Psychiatric Disease)

A disease characterized by a distorted interpretation of reality resulting in hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking and behavior. Contrary to belief it does not mean a split personality. Untreated, the disease can cause severe emotional, behavioral, health, and legal and financial problems. Lifelong treatment is needed, and can enable patients to live normal productive lives. This is a serious mental disorder with about 10% of patients committing suicide. The disease usually first appears in the teenage years.

Sciatica (Lower Back Nerve Irritation)

Sciatica is a very common condition that causes back pain. The pain usually is in the lower back/hip area and shoots down the back of the thigh into the leg. The pain usually increases with flexion at the hip. Patients also experience numbness and occasionally weakness in the leg. The disorder was initially thought to be cause by irritation of the sciatic nerve, but now is felt to be secondary to a herniated lumbar disk compressing a nerve root, most commonly the L5 or S1 root.