Directory of Diseases
A vestibular migraine refers to dizziness or vertigo associated with a "migraine headache." Migraine headaches are common, usually occurring in adults ages 20-40 and are characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head and usually occur after experiencing an "aura." Around 40% of people who suffer from migraine headaches can also get migraine associated dizziness/vertigo, which may be caused by "triggers" such as certain foods or hormonal changes. Symptoms of vertigo and dizziness may occur even if you do not have a headache.
Vestibular neuronitis is a problem of the middle ear that causes dizziness, sensation of the room spinning (vertigo), nausea and vomiting. The symptoms may worsen with head movement and improve with keeping the eyes closed and keeping the head still. Vestibular neuronitis will not effect the hearing, and is often confused with labyrinthitis which presents with similar symptoms in addition to changes in hearing. Vestibular neuronitis can occur during or after an ear infection or an upper respiratory infection such as a cold or flu. Viral neuronitis may also happen spontaneously. The symptoms usually resolve after a few days. This can often be treated at home.
A viral exanthem is an eruptive skin rash that is often related to a viral infection. They are very common and can vary in appearance. Most cause red or pink spots on the skin over large parts of the body. Often, these don't itch, but some types can cause blisters and be very itchy. Many of the infections that cause viral exanthems also can cause fever, headaches, sore throat, and fatigue. Most will run their course in a few days or a couple of weeks and will clear up without treatment. Viral infections can be highly contagious so avoid close contact with others until the rash is gone.
Eighty percent of 'sore throats' in adults are caused by viruses. Pharyngitis is the medical term for 'sore throat'. If you have a sore throat, it is most likely that it is from a virus. Viruses are microorganisms made of protein and DNA that are much smaller than bacteria and are responsible for causing diseases and infections such as the common cold and the 'flu'. Viral pharyngitis is not dangerous and will resolve by itself without medication, although symptoms may be controlled with over-the-counter 'cold and flu' medications, adequate sleep, and drinking plenty of fluids.
Most sore throats are caused by viruses. Viral pharyngitis is sore throat from a viral infection. These types of illnesses resolve on their own after a few days and usually don't require any prescription medications. If your child has cough, runny nose, fever and sore throat it is likely that they are experiencing viral pharyngitis.
Vomiting in this age group is most commonly caused by an infection in your child's stomach or intestines. This is usually caused by a virus. Symptoms usually begin suddenly and improve within 24 hours. Children may become infected with viruses after eating improperly handled or stored food. Lack of good hygiene such as hand washing may also be a contributing factor.